PENGENDALIAN HAMA DAN PENYAKIT SECARA FISIK DAN MEKANIK PADA PRODUKSI BAWANG DAUN (Allium fistolosum L.)

Neni Gunaeni

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini mendapatkan cara pengendalian secara fisik dan mekanik yang ramah lingkungan
pada tanaman bawang daun. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilakukan di kebun percobaan Balitsa di Lembang pada
ketinggian 1250 meter di atas permukaan air laut. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus sampai Desember
2013. Jenis bawang daun yang digunakan adalah bawang daun varietas lokal Ciwidey (Jawa Barat) Rancangan
percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok yang diulang tiga kali. Perlakuan yang dicoba yaitu : (a).
Menanam tanaman perangkap caisin di sekeliling pertanaman bawang daun, (b). Penggunaan perangkap baki
kuning Moriche. (c). Penggunaan perangkap kuning likat diantara tanaman bawang. (d). Penggunaan insektisida
selektif berbahan aktif Betasiflutrin 2 cc/l seminggu sekali. (e). Perlindungan fisik dengan menggunakan kasa nilon
50 mesh. (f). Tanpa perlakuan (kontrol). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : Pengendalian hama dan penyakit
pada tanaman cabai secara fisik dan mekanik menggunakan tanaman perangkap caisin, baki kuning Moriche,
perangkap likat kuning, kasa dan insektisida selektif berbahan aktif Betasiflutrin dapat menaikan tinggi tanaman,
mengurangi insiden dan intensitas gejala virus, namun terhadap tinggi tanaman, hama Spodoptera exigua,
Alternaria porii dan hasil panen penggunaan kasa berpengaruh negatif. Hasil uji Elisa bawang daun terinfeksi
virus LYSV, OYDV dan SLV. Pengendalian hama dan penyakit secara fisik dan mekanik tidak berpengaruh
apabila benih vegetatif awal mengandung penyakit tular benih.
Kata kunci : Allium fistolosum L., pengendalian, hama dan penyakit, fisik, mekanik


ABSTRACT
The research objective of this study was to find out the sustainability control by phisic and mechanic on
welsh onion . The research activities carried out at the experimental farm at Indonesia Vegetable Research
Institute in Lembang an altitude of 1250 meters above sea level. The study was conducted from August to
December 2013. Welsh onion type used is a local variety from Ciwidey (West Java) The experimental design used
randomized block design that is repeated three times. Treatment was attempted, that is : (a). Caisin trap crops
planting around the welsh onion planting , (b). Moriche yellow tray traps. (C). The use of yellow sticky traps
among plants welsh onion. (D). The use of selective insecticide active ingredient Betasiflutrin 2 cc / l once a week.
(E). Physical protection using nylon gauze 50 mesh. (F). Without treatment (control). The results showed that:
Pest and disease control in pepper physically and mechanically using trap crops caisin , moriche yellow tray trap,
sticky yellow traps, gauze and selective insecticide active ingredient Betasiflutrin can increase plant height ,
reducing the incidence and intensity of symptoms of the virus, but the plant height , Spodoptera exigua , Alternaria
porii and yields negatively affect the use of gauze . Elisa test results infection with a virus LYSV, OYDV and SLV.
Pest and disease control physically and mechanically no effect if the early vegetative seed contains the seed -borne
diseases
Keywords: Allium fistolosum L., Control, Pest and Disease, Physical, Mechanical


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.j-agrin.v19.i1.348

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Jurnal Agrin
Agriculture Research Journal
Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University
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