ANALISIS BIAYA PRODUKSI KENTANG DI KELURAHAN KEJAJAR KECAMATAN KEJAJAR KABUPATEN WONOSOBO

G. Hartono, Tinjung Mary Prihtanti

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah produksi, upah tenaga kerja, harga benih
kentang, harga urea, harga pupuk kandang, dan harga obat pemberantas hama penyakit terhadap biaya produksi
usaha tani kentang. Metode penelitian yang dipakai adalah metode penelitian deskriptif, sementara data
dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan metode survei. Sebanyak 40 responden diambil secara acak sederhana dari
110 petani kentang monokultur di Kelurahan Kejajar, Kacamatan Kejajar, Kabupaten Wonosobo. Hasil
penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan terdapat pengaruh nyata dari variabel independen yang
meliputi: harga benih kentang, harga urea, harga pupuk kandang, harga obat pemberantas hama penyakit, upah
tenaga kerja, dan jumlah produksi, terhadap biaya produksi usaha tani kentang yang dianalisis dengan model
fungsi biaya Cobb-Douglas dan masing-masing koefisien regresinya secara berturut adalah: 0,87000; 0,04393;
0,09935; -0,91600; -3,47900 dan 0,63400.
Kata kunci: fungsi biaya Cobb-Douglas, harga input, kentang.

 

ABSTRACT
The objectives of this research were to know the affects of price of urea, manure, pesticide, labour wage
and production level on the potato production cost. Descriptive method was used in this research, while data was
collected using survey method. Fourty respondents were randomly selected among the 110 population of potato
farmers at Kejajar village, sub district of Kejajar, regency of Wonosobo. The results of this research showed that
there had a significantly affect between of price of seed, urea, manure and pesticide, labour wage and production
level on potato production cost, using the Cobb-Douglas cost function model, and with regression coefficients of
0.87000; 0.04393; 0.09935; -0.91600; -3.47900 and 0.63400, respectively.
Key words: Cobb Douglas cost function, input price, potato.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.j-agrin.v12.i1.74

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Jurnal Agrin
Agriculture Research Journal
Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University
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