STRATEGI PETANI SAYUR MENGHADAPI KELANGKAAN PUPUK DI DAERAH SENTRA PRODUKSI SAYUR ALAHAN PANJANG SUMATERA BARAT

Nurnayetti Nurnayetti

Abstract

Fenomena kelangkaan pupuk pada tahun 2008 berpengaruh terhadap stabilitas petani sayuran di dataran
tinggi Alahan Panjang Sumatera Barat. Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut petani menggunakan berbagai cara
salah satunya mengurangi area tanam dalam upaya menurunkan biaya produksi diakibatkan oleh harga pupuk
yang tinggi. Hal ini menyebabkan menurunnya total produksi namun meningkatkan nilai ekonominya karena
permintaan yang tinggi tapi ketersediaan terbatas sehingga mampu meningkatkan pendapatan petani. Tujuan
penelitian ini adalah menguji pengaruh keterbatasan pupuk terhadap strategi yang dilakukan oleh petani dan
pendapatannya. Pengujian dilakukan dengan metode survey dan dianalisis secara deskriptif di Desa Air Dingin
dan Sungai Nanam Alahan Panjang, Solok, Sumatera Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kelangkaan
pupuk meningkatkan pendapatan petani karena mampu meningkatkan harga jual produk yang terbatas.
Kata kunci: kelangkaan pupuk, produksi, pendapatan petani

ABSTRACT
Scarcity of fertilizer phenomenon in 2008 affect the stability of vegetable farmers in the farming areas of
Alahan Panjang highland at Solok District West Sumatera. To mitigate farmers apply various strategies, such as
by reducing the area planted to reduce the cost of production because fertilizer prices jumped sharply after
missing commercially. Reduction in the extend of impact on the decline in the number of plant production, but on
the other hand with a reduced impact on the production of rising prices because the supply increases while
supply decreases. Furthermore, it also affects household income from farming. The purpose of assessment is to
look at the impact of shortages of fertilizer on farm household income, as well as farmer’s strategies in the face
of shortages of fertilizer. Assessment conducted surveys and analyzed mathematically and descriptively. The
assessment was conducted in the village of Air Dingin dan Sungai Nanam at Alahan Panjang region, Solok
District West Sumatera Province. Scarcity of fertilizer increase farmers income due to high value of product
under limited volume of product.
Key Words: Fertilizer scarcity, production, farmer income

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