PROFIL USAHA PENYULINGAN MINYAK DAUN CENGKEH DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

Pudji Hastuti p, Sri Widarni, Sundari Sundari

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: untuk mengetahui profil usaha dan pengusaha minyak daaun cengkeh di
Kabupaten Banyumas. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Somagede, Kedungbanteng, Kemranjen, Tambak, dan
Banyumas pada 7 perusahaan agroindustri minyak daun cengkeh pada Nopember 2011. Metode penelitian yang
digunakan adalah survey dengan teknik pencacahan lengkap (sensus). Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah
analisis biaya, penerimaan, keuntungan (pendapatan), BEP, MOS, Shut-down Point, dan Rentabilitas Ekonomis.
Hasil analisis m enunjukan: rata-rata ketel yang digunakan 2 buah, rata-rata biaya produksi Rp66.705.533,00,
rata-rata penerimaan sebesar Rp85.500.000,00, rata-rata minyak daun cengkeh yang dihasilkan 1.000 kg dan
harga jual rata-rata Rp85.500,00 per kg. Keuntungan usaha adalah Rp18.794.467,00. BEP (kg) sebesar 90,01 kg
sedangkan BEP (Rupiah) sebesar Rp7.696.171,55. Margin of Safety sebesar 91% atau Rp77.803.828,45 setara
dengan 909,99 kg minyak daun cengkeh. Shut-down Point sebesar Rp563.815,11. Rentabilitas Ekonomi adalah
28,18%. Hasil analisis untuk profil pengusaha minyak daun cengkeh: pengusaha yang berpendidikan SLTA
adalah 42,86%, dan yang berpendidikan SR/SD dan 57,14%. Pengusaha yang berada pada kelompok umur
produktif (15-64 tahun) sebanyak 85,71% dan 14,29% berada pada umur tidak produktif (≥65 tahun).
Pengalaman dalam usaha minyak daun cengkeh dengan kisaran 10-36 tahun. Usaha penyulingan minyak daun
cengkeh 100% sebagai mata pencaharian pokok sedangkan pekerjaan lain adalah berkebun, jasa angkutan,
material, dagang bibit tanaman. Dulkihat dari jenis kelamin, 85,71% pengusaha berjenis kelamin laki-laki dan
14,29% perempuan dengan tanggungan keluarga 1-5 orang
Kata kunci: profil usaha, profil pengusaha, penyulingan minyak daun cengkeh

SUMMARY
The objective of this study were to determine the profile of businesses and entrepreneur of clove leaf oil in
Banyumas. The research was conducted in Sub-districts of Somagede, Kedungbanteng, Kemranjen, Tambak, and
Banyumas in 7 clove leaf oil agro-industry companies in November 2011. The research method used was survey
by complete enumeration technique (census). The analytical method used are analysis of costs, revenues, profits
(income), BEP, MOS, Shut-down Point, and Ekonomic Rentability. The result of analysis i.e. average boiler used
were 2 pieces, average cost of production was Rp66,705,533.00, average revenue was Rp85,500,000.00,
average clove leaf oil produced were 1,000 kg and the average sales price was Rp85,500.00 per kg. Business
profit was Rp18,794,467.00. BEP(kg) were 90,01 kg while the BEP( Rupiah) was Rp7,696,171.55. Margin of
Safety was 91 % or Rp77,803,828.45 equivalent to 909,99 kg of clove leaf oil. Shut-down Point was
Rp563,815.11. Economic rentability was 28.18% Th .level of educational degree for enterpreneur were 42.86 %
graduated from senior high school, and 57.14% graduated from elementary school. 85.71% were in the
productive age group (15-65 years) and 14.29% were non-productive age (> 65 years). Experience in the
business of clove oil with a range of 10-36 years, while 100% as the main livelihood. Works beside business in
oil of cloves were gardening, transportation services, material, selling goods, and seed sellers. There were
85.71% men and 14,29 % woman with dependents 1-5 people from seven entrepreneurs.
Key words: business profile, entrepreneur profile, clove leaf oil refining

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.