PENGELOLAAN CABAI MERAH DENGAN FOKUS PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DAN VIRUS MOSAIK

Neni Gunaeni

Abstract

Virus mosaik pada tanaman cabai sebagai penyakit yang mudah menyebar dan pembawanya kutudaun
disebabkan oleh virus CMV, ChiVMV, TMV, ToMV, PVY dan TEV. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan
komponen pengendalian dengan fokus pengendalian vektor dan penyakit virus mosaik. Penelitian dilakukan di
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran pada ketinggian 1250 m dpl pada bulan Juli - Desember 2011. Penelitian
menggunakan Rancangan Petak Terpisah. Petak utama adalah barier yang terdiri atas 3 level (jagung, kasa 50
mesh dan tanpa barier) dan anak petak adalah rakitan komponen input produksi yang terdiri dari atas 3 level yaitu
: PTT-1 (Kasa 50 mesh, Varietas Tanjung-2, pupuk kandang 30 ton/ha, pupuk anorganik NPK 1 ton/ha, predator
Menochilus sexmaculatus, biofungisida, bioinsektisida, perangkap likat kuning). PTT-2 (Kasa 50 mesh, Varietas
Tanjung-2, pupuk kandang 30 ton/ha, pupuk anorganik NPK 1 ton/ha, predator M.sexmaculatus, biofungisida
diselingi kimia selektif, bioinsektisida diselingi kimia selektif, perangkap likat kuning. Cara Petani (Tanpa kasa,
Varietas Tanjung-2, pupuk kandang 30 ton/ha, pupuk anorganik NPK 1 ton/ha, Tanpa predator, fungisida,
insektisida, insektisida + perangkap likat kuning). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi perlakuan tidak
mempengaruhi tinggi dan lebar kanopi tanaman, serta penyakit yang disebabkan patogen cendawan. Penggunaan
kasa mengurangi serangan virus dan antraknos, tapi tidak dapat menghalangi masuknya hama serangga ke
pertanaman cabai. Barier jagung meningkatkan populasi M. sexmaculatus dan hasil panen. Kombinasi perlakuan
yang paling baik adalah lahan terbuka dengan PTT -1 dan cara petani.
Kata kunci: Capsicum annuum L., vektor, penyakit virus mosaik


ABSTRACT
Mosaic virus in hot pepper as easily spread diseases and afid carrier caused by virus CMV, ChiVMV, TMV,
ToMV, PVY and TEV. The purpose of this study was to gain control of the corresponding components with a focus
on the control of vectors and Mosaic Virus Diseases. The study was conducted at the Indonesia Vegetable Research
Institute on altitude of 1250 m above sea level in July to December 2011. The study uses draft separated plots. The
main plot is a barrier crop consists of 3 levels (corn, gauze 50 mesh and without barrier) and subplot are
assemblies consisting of production inputs on 3 levels: IPM (Integreated Plants Management) -1: (gauze 50 mesh,
Tanjung – 2 variety, manure 30 t/ha of inorganic fertilizer NPK 1 ton/ha, predators Menochilus sexmaculatus,
biofungisida, biopesticide, yellow sticky traps). IPM (Integreated Plants Management) – 2: (gauze 50 mesh,
Tanjung – 2 variety, horse manure 30 t/ha of inorganic fertilizer NPK 1 ton/ha, predators M. sexmaculatus,
interspersed biofungisida selective chemistry, chemical interspersed selective biopesticide, yellow sticky traps.
Farmers Method: (without netting, Tanjung Variety - 2, manure 30 t/ha of inorganic fertilizer NPK 1 ton/ha,
without predators M. sexmaculatus, chemical of fungicides, chemical of insecticides, chemical of insecticides +
yellow sticky trap). The results showed that the combination treatments applied did not affect plant height and
width of the plant canopy, as well as diseases caused by pathogenic fungi. The use of gauze as a barrier may
slightly reduce the attack virus and anthracnose, but can not prevent the entry of insect pests to crop chili. Plant
corn edge M. sexmaculatus increase predator populations and harvest. The best treatment combination is open
land with IPM-1 and farmers method.
Key words : Capsicum annuum L., vectors, mosaic virus diseases

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